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In 1957 sixteen year old John Lennon with some of his Liverpool school friends formed a skiffle group called The Quarrymen. Fifteen year old Paul McCartney joined the group and in 1958 he introduced his friend George Harrison to play lead guitar. Changing their musical direction from skiffle to rock n’ roll in 1959 they changed the group name to Johnny and the Moondogs and reached the finals of the TV Star Search competition held at the Liverpool Empire Theatre.
They didn’t get that job but in May that year Larry Parnes offered them a seven day tour of Scotland as the backing group for Johnny Gentle.
In August The Beatles were booked at their first Hamburg venue the Indra Club, run by Bruno Koschmider. They needed a drummer so Pete Best left the Blackjacks to join the group and around this time they changed their name to the Beatles. In October when the Indra club closed the group began playing at the Kaiserkeller Club and then later at the larger Top Ten Club.
In November George was deported by the German police authorities because at the age of seventeen he was underage and unable to continue playing at the clubs without a work permit.
The rest of the group continued without George but in December Paul and Pete Best were arrested for arson when they ignited an object in the Bambi-Filmkunsttheater cinema where they were staying. They were later deported by the German police authorities.
When George had turned eighteen Peter Eckhorn the owner of the Top Ten Club took The Beatles back to Hamburg for a three month engagement from the start of April to the end of June.
In June while in Hamburg the producer Bert Kaemphert asked the Beatles to back Tony Sheridan as the “The Beat Brothers” on a number of recordings for Polydor Records which included "My Bonnie". The record was released and in October it it was asked for at the NEMS record store in Liverpool which was run by Brian Epstein. He had seen posters around Liverpool advertising Beatle shows and had read about them in the pop paper the Mersey Beat. In November Brian Epstein and Alistair Taylor his work colleague visited the Cavern to see a Beatles performance and was that impressed he arranged a meeting and asked if he could manage them, which was agreed.